A flooded basement is a sight that no homeowner ever wants to see. However, despite the fact that a house might be situated in an area that isn’t prone to climatic conditions leading to floods, every basement or crawl space is at a constant risk of flooding. The water may arise out of a number of sources, one of them being the perimeter drains of the basement waterproofing system itself. Rainwater can be a major contributor to the above-mentioned risk. In most cases, flooding of basements is due to groundwater.

However, even in the adverse scenario when a basement is flooded, there is a convenient solution available to tackle that problem. Sump pumps are the equipment being talked about. Basements situated below the water table are susceptible to water accumulation up to unwanted levels. Sump pumps are especially useful at such times.

Every crawl space consists of a sump basin, and that is where the sump pump operates. It automatically pumps the water accumulating in the sump basin out of the basement area. Therefore, not only does a sump pump take care of a flooded basement, it prevents that anomaly from even occurring.

Different types of sump pumps

Sump pumps come in various types. However, the most common ones are primary sump pumps that further diverge into two subcategories. There are Battery Backup sump pumps in the market as well. To top that, combination sump pumps also exist. The most powerful among all variants are sewage pumps, but they aren’t primarily manufactured to be used as protection against flooding in basements. Let’s talk about each type of sump pumps in detail.

Primary Sump Pumps

Primary sump pumps are exactly what their name suggests. They are the most common type of sump pumps founds in homes. Primary sump pumps are capable enough to drain about 1000 gallons of water per hour. They are the ideal protection against water that seeps into basements and exposes them to the risk of flooding. Furthermore, primary sump pumps come in two subsequent types. They are called pedestal pumps and submersible pumps.

Pedestal Pumps

Pedestal pumps come with motors that aren’t supposed to get exposed to water. An impeller is constructed at the bottom of the pedestal. Heat and noise produced by such sump pumps are comparatively more than submersible sump pumps, but that is justified by the fact that they cost less as well.

Submersible Pumps

A submersible pump is different from a pedestal pump because of the very fact that is designed to function underwater and is installed in a sump pit. Submersible pumps last for a longer period of time and operate in a quieter manner.

Battery Backup Sump Pumps

A battery backup sump pump is a device designed with the intent of assuaging the risk of the flooding of a basement when there is no electricity. A storm can quite possibly create such conditions and without a power supply, a primary sump pump will fail to operate. However, a battery backup sump pump can be used as auxiliary support to the primary sump pump. These pumps come with various advanced features like automatic battery charging and high water alarm. Mostly, a 12V battery powers battery backup sump pumps, but more powerful options are also available in the market.

Combination Sump Pumps

As the name suggests, combination sump pumps combine the best aspects of primary sumps and battery backup pumps into one device. Quite obviously, they come with a higher cost factor as well.

Sewage Pumps

Sewage pumps aren’t manufactured with the intent of being used as protection against flooding of basements, but nevertheless, they can solve that purpose as well. With the capability of pumping out solids as long as 2 inches, sewage pumps are more than capable of dealing with excess water that seeps through the ground into the sump basin.

Of all the above-mentioned types, primary sump pumps are best suited for areas where floods aren’t a frequent occurrence. The reasoning behind the above statement is quite obviously the cost of primary sump pumps and also, the fact that they aren’t any less efficient than the other types. However, in areas prone to floods, excessive downpours and storms, combination pumps are the ideal choice. Sewage pumps are rarely needed for the basements of houses, but they are also viable options if you’re looking for extra power.

In a nutshell, the choice of the best sump is a subjective one, and concerns various parameters like cost and frequency of flooding. You can easily make an informed choice by assessing your personal situation. A longer version of the information provided above can be read on through the daily herald.